Starting in the s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan. The term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengal region and the Bengali language. The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th-century South Indian records. The Portuguese referred to the region as Bengala in the 16th century.
Temple shrines[ edit ] Many shrines are located within buildings and in the temples designed specifically for worship, such as a church in Christianityor a mandir in Hinduism. A shrine here is usually the centre of attention in the building, and is given a place of prominence.
In such cases, adherents of the faith assemble within the building in order to venerate the deity at the shrine. In classical temple architecture, the shrine may be synonymous with the cella. Household shrines[ edit ] Historically, in HinduismBuddhism and Roman Catholicismand also in modern faiths, such as Neopaganisma shrine can commonly be found within the home or shop.
Usually a small lamp and small offerings are kept daily by the shrine. Buddhist household shrines must be on a shelf above the head; Chinese shrines must stand directly on the floor. Yard shrines[ edit ] Small outdoor yard shrines are found at the bottom of many peoples gardens, following various religions, including historically, Christianity.
Many consist of a statue of Christ or a sainton a pedestal or in an alcove, while others may be elaborate booths without ceilings, some include paintings, statuary, and architectural elements, such as walls, roofs, glass doors and ironwork fences, etc.
In the United States, some Christians have small yard shrines; some of these resemble side altars, since they are composed of a statue placed in a niche or grotto ; this type is colloquially referred to as a bathtub madonna.
Shrines are found in many religions. As distinguished from a templea shrine usually houses a particular relic or cult imagewhich is the object of worship or veneration. A shrine may also be constructed to set apart a site which is thought to be particularly holy, as opposed to being placed for the convenience of worshippers.
Shrines therefore attract the practice of pilgrimage.
Roman Catholicismthe largest denomination of Christianity,  has many shrines, as do Orthodox Christianity and Anglicanism. For a shrine to be described as nationalthe approval of the Episcopal Conference is necessary.
For it to be described as international, the approval of the Holy See is required. They were also called Devotional Altarssince they could look like small Side Altars or bye-altars.
Shrines were always centered on some image of Christ or a saint — for instance, a statue, painting, mural or mosaic, and may have had a reredos behind them without a Tabernacle built in.
However, Mass would not be celebrated at them; they were simply used to aid or give a visual focus for prayers.
Side altars, where Mass could actually be celebrated, were used in a similar way to shrines by parishioners. A nativity set could also be viewed as a shrine, as the definition of a shrine is any holy or sacred place.
Mazar mausoleumMaqam shrineand Dargah Islam's holiest structure, the Kaaba within the Al-Haram Mosque in the city of Meccathough an ancient temple in the sense of a "house of God"may be seen as a shrine    due to it housing a venerated relic called the Hajar al-Aswad and also being the focus of the world's largest pilgrimage practice, the Hajj.
A few yards away, the mosque also houses the Maqam Ibrahim " Abraham 's station" shrine containing a petrosomatoglyph of feet associated with the patriarch and his son Ishmael 's building of the Kaaba in Islamic tradition.
The son of Ahmad ibn Hanbalone of the primary jurists of Sunnism, reportedly stated that he would prefer to be buried near the mausoleum of a saintly person than his own father.
The Shafi'i hadith master Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani stated that "This is one of the ugliest positions that has been reported of Ibn Taymiyya". Imam Khomeini Shrine Main article: Sufi[ edit ] In popular Sufism, one common practice is to visit or make pilgrimages to the tombs of saints, renowned scholars, and righteous people.
Many of these have since been rebuilt. In order to show reverence to Sufi saints, kings and nobles provided large donations or waqf to preserve the tombs and renovate them architecturally. These forms of Sufi practise created an aura of spiritual and religious traditions around prescribed dates.
Nevertheless, these rituals have survived generations and seem adamant to remain[ according to whom?The WHO Statistical Information System (WHOSIS) has been incorporated into the Global Health Observatory (GHO) to provide you with more data, more tools, more analysis and more reports.
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