The Offensive Publications Act was New Zealand's first censorship legislation Customs was regulating the importation of indecent material into New Zealand as early asbut the first censorship legislation was not enacted until The Offensive Publications Act banned any picture or printed or written matter which was of an indecent, immoral, or obscene nature, which included advertisements relating to such matters as venereal disease. The Act laid down the criteria that magistrates should take into account when determining the indecency of material. This Act was replaced by the Police Offences Act in
It may be carried out by governments or by private organizations either at the behest of government or on their own initiative. Individuals and organizations may engage in self-censorship on their own or due to intimidation and fear.
The issues associated with Internet censorship are similar to those for offline censorship of more traditional media.
One difference is that national borders are more permeable online: Thus censors must work to prevent access to information even though they lack physical or legal control over the websites themselves.
This in turn requires the use of technical censorship methods that are unique to the Internet, such as site blocking and content filtering. Pseudonymity and data havens such as Freenet protect free speech using technologies that guarantee material cannot be removed and prevents the identification of authors.
The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about protecting the rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works. Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and the recent arrival of the printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to writers. Secrecy and community in contemporary narrative in English University of Granada, Spain, October Deadline for proposals: 1 May Organized by the Research Project “Secrecy and Community in Contemporary Narrative in English”. Mar 27, · Patriotism is typically defined as “love of one’s country,” and such love seems decent and normal to most people. But does it make sense to pledge allegiance to an area, to the people within it, or to a colored piece of cloth that supposedly symbolizes it?
Technologically savvy users can often find ways to access blocked content. Nevertheless, blocking remains an effective means of limiting access to sensitive information for most users when censors, such as those in Chinaare able to devote significant resources to building and maintaining a comprehensive censorship system.
A Time Magazine article quotes computer scientist John Gillmoreone of the founders of the Electronic Frontier Foundationas saying "The Net interprets censorship as damage and routes around it.
The head of the polling organization felt, overall, that the poll showed that: Despite worries about privacy and fraud, people around the world see access to the internet as their fundamental right.
The most notable of these social media led protests were parts Arab Spring uprisingsstarting in In response to the use of social media in these protests, the Tunisian government began a hack of Tunisian citizens' Facebook accounts, and reports arose of accounts being deleted.
This most notably occurs in Chinawhere social media posts are automatically censored depending on content. InHarvard political science professor Gary King led a study to determine what caused social media posts to be censored and found that posts mentioning the government were not more or less likely to be deleted if they were supportive or critical of the government.
Posts mentioning collective action were more likely to be deleted than those that had not mentioned collective action. For the Chinese government, seeing citizens unhappy with local governance is beneficial as state and national leaders can replace unpopular officials.
King and his researchers were able to predict when certain officials would be removed based on the number of unfavorable social media posts.
It isn't important whether the criticism is supportive or unsupportive of the states' leaders, the main priority of censoring certain social media posts is to make sure that no big actions are being made due to something that was said on the internet.
Posts that challenge the Party's political leading role in the Chinese government are more likely to be censored due to the challenges it poses to the Chinese Communist Party.
Video game censorship and List of regionally censored video games Since the early s, advocates of video games have emphasized their use as an expressive mediumarguing for their protection under the laws governing freedom of speech and also as an educational tool.
Detractors argue that video games are harmful and therefore should be subject to legislative oversight and restrictions. Many video games have certain elements removed or edited due to regional rating standards.
Decapitation scenes are implied, but not shown. Scenes of missing body parts after having been cut off, are replaced with the same scene, but showing the body parts fully intact. SurveillanceMass surveillanceand Computer and network surveillance Surveillance and censorship are different. Surveillance can be performed without censorship, but it is harder to engage in censorship without some form of surveillance.
The Glavlit handled censorship matters arising from domestic writings of just about any kind—even beer and vodka labels. Glavlit censorship personnel were present in every large Soviet publishing house or newspaper; the agency employed some 70, censors to review information before it was disseminated by publishing houses, editorial offices, and broadcasting studios.
No mass medium escaped Glavlit's control. All press agencies and radio and television stations had Glavlit representatives on their editorial staffs. The authorities taking such action will justify it by declaring the work to be " subversive " or "inconvenient".
An example is Michel Foucault 's text Sexual Morality and the Law later republished as The Danger of Child Sexualityoriginally published as La loi de la pudeur [literally, "the law of decency"].CENSORSHIP [censorship] It may be common knowledge, but perhaps be careful posting in /r/Feminism (grupobittia.comInAction) submitted 2 years ago * by tom Confirmed misogynist prime by r/feminism mods.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by a government or private institution, for example, corporate censorship..
Governments and private organizations  may engage in censorship.  Other groups or.
History of censorship in New Zealand. The history of censorship in New Zealand starts early in the 20th Century and involves several different government agencies and a variety of mediums.
Mar 27, · Patriotism is typically defined as “love of one’s country,” and such love seems decent and normal to most people. But does it make sense to pledge allegiance to an area, to the people within it, or to a colored piece of cloth that supposedly symbolizes it?
Technology Is Changing American Life Style. The internet, e-commerce, mobile technology and social media have all transformed the way we live, learn, work, shop, and acquire information.
Sep 02, · What are some good questions to ask about censorship? defamation of character and libel for the maliscious spread of untrue accusations against other citizens or companies/organizations, yet Congress has exempted itself from such laws.
and then forbid others that knowledge? sami umni · 9 years ago. 0. Thumbs up. 0. Status: Open.