Antibacterial activity of plant extracts thesis

Jesu Arockiaraj Transcriptome analysis and molecular characterization of selected innate immune genes induced by Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome EUS causing pathogens in Snakehead Murrrel Channastriatus Minakshi Guha Chowdhuri Evaluation of Polyherbal formulation advocated for the prevention and management of Obesity and associated complications Uday Pratab Dr.

Antibacterial activity of plant extracts thesis

Persons who suffer from medical conditions or who are taking medications should consult their physician prior to taking this product.

Antibacterial activity of plant extracts thesis

This product may thin the blood and may not be appropriate for all persons. Do not take this product if you know or suspect that you are allergic to pineapple, papaya, or any ingredients in this product or suspect that you have an ulcer.

Antibacterial activity of plant extracts thesis

As with all dietary supplements, those who are pregnant or nursing should consult their physician prior to taking this product. Warning about Side Benefits? It is possible that you may experience the following effects on the body.

For individuals with sinus issues, you may experience some drainage for a short time as the mucus thins and is eliminated from the body. Do not take this product if you know or suspect that you are allergic to pineapple, papaya, or any ingredients in this product.

Bromelain, the enzyme complex of pineapple Ananas comosus and its clinical application. Abstract After a short description of the uses of pineapple as folk medicine by the natives of the tropics, the more important new pharmaceutical applications of bromelain, reported between andare presented.

Although the exact chemical structure of all active components of bromelain is not fully determined, this substance has shown distinct pharmacological promise. These biological functions of bromelain, a non-toxic compound, have therapeutic values in modulating: The mechanism of action of bromelain affecting these varied biological effects relates in part to its modulation of the arachidonate cascade.

Antibacterial substance from Carica papaya fruit extract. Abstract Ripe and unripe Carica papaya fruits epicarp, endocarp, seeds and leaves were extracted separately and purified. All the extracts except that of Antibacterial activity of plant extracts thesis produced very significant antibacterial activity on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella flexneri.

The MIC of the substance was small 0. The substance was bactericidal and showed properties of a protein. Other proteins previously found in C.

Evidence for Inflammation as a Key Pathogenetic Mechanism in Atherosclerosis A role for inflammation has become well established over the past decade or more in theories describing the atherosclerotic disease process.

The major injurious factors that promote atherogenesis—cigarette smoking, hypertension, atherogenic lipoproteins, and hyperglycemia—are well established. These risk factors give rise to a variety of noxious stimuli that elicit secretion of both leukocyte soluble adhesion molecules, which facilitate the attachment of monocytes to endothelial cells, and chemotactic factors, which encourage the monocytes' migration into the subintimal space.

The transformation of monocytes into macrophages and the uptake of cholesterol lipoproteins are thought to initiate the fatty streak.

Further injurious stimuli may continue the attraction and accumulation of macrophages, mast cells, and activated T cells within the growing atherosclerotic lesion. Oxidized low-density lipoproteins may be one of several factors that contribute to loss of smooth muscle cells through apoptosis in the atherosclerotic plaque cap, and secretion of metalloproteinases and other connective tissue enzymes by activated macrophages may break down collagen, weakening the cap and making it prone to rupture.

This disruption of the atherosclerotic plaque then exposes the atheronecrotic core to arterial blood, which induces thrombosis. Thus, virtually every step in atherogenesis is believed to involve cytokines, other bioactive molecules, and cells that are characteristic of inflammation.

Inflammation, depression and dementia: If chronic inflammatory changes are a common feature of depression, this could predispose depressed patients to neurodegenerative changes in later life.

Indeed there is now clinical evidence that depression is a common antecedent of Alzheimer's disease and may be an early manifestation of dementia before the cognitive declines becomes apparent.

This review summarises the evidence that links chronic low grade inflammation with changes in brain structure that could precipitate neurodegenerative changes associated with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.

For example, neuronal loss is a common feature of major depression and dementia. It is hypothesised that the progress from depression to dementia could result from the activation of macrophages in the blood, and microglia in the brain, that release pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Such cytokines stimulate a cascade of inflammatory changes such as an increase in prostaglandin E2, nitric oxide in addition to more pro-inflammatory cytokines and a hypersecretion of cortisol. The latter steroid inhibits protein synthesis thereby reducing the synthesis of neurotrophic factors and preventing reairto damages neuronal networks.

In addition, neurotoxic end products of the tryptophan-kynurenine pathway, such as quinolinic acid, accumulate in astrocytes and neurons in both depression and dementia.

Growing Kamias and Its Many Uses

Thus increased neurodegeneration, reduced neuroprotection and neuronal repair are common pathological features of major depression and dementia. Such changes may help to explain why major depression is a frequent prelude to dementia in later life. The relation of markers of inflammation to the development of glucose disorders in the elderly: We tested this hypothesis in a longitudinal cohort study of older individuals who had normal fasting glucose FG values at baseline.

We compared the baseline levels of six inflammatory markers in participants who had developed glucose disorders at follow-up with those of participants whose FG remained normal at follow-up.

All 5, participants had baseline testing, including FG and markers of inflammation: At years of follow-up, 4, On multivariate analysis, those with elevated CRP levels 75th percentile [2.

Adjustment for confounders and other inflammatory markers did not appreciably change this finding.Botany Adelfa is an erect, smooth shrub, to 3 meters high with a cream-colored, sticky, resinous juice. Leaves are in whorls of 3 or 4, linear-lanceolate, 10 to15 centimeters long, with numerous horizontal nerves.

The Institute of Bioinformatics (IOB) established by Dr. Akhilesh Pandey, is a non-profit academic research organization located at International Tech Park in Bangalore, India. IOB is recognized by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India.

The methanol extract had an antibacterial activity with mean zones of inhibition of and mm, and the ethanol extract had a mean zone of inhibition of and mm against B.


Alternative Cancer Therapies

BY NGARUIYA PAUL NJUGUNA A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of Master of. In the present era of emerging antibiotic/drug resistance against pathogenic organisms and food safety concerns of their toxic residues as well as slow process of discovering newer antibiotics, there is a dire need for using natural and effective alternatives.

In this regard, herbal and aromatic plants and/or their extracts are gaining attention of worldwide researchers.

According to Baloch et al., (), the antibacterial activity of the chloroform, butanol, ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts of Medicago spp. possess good antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, E.

coli, P. aeruginosa, S. typhi and S. aureus.

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