Resistance also served as part of Thoreau's metaphor comparing the government to a machine: On Civil Disobedience is another common title.
In Civil Disobedience, Thoreau evaluates the federal government critically, contending that it is an artificial institution created by the powerful while acknowledging that it is believed to serve a purpose and is likely to remain a feature of American life.
One of the factors that influenced Thoreau to consider civil disobedience as a method of resistance was the poor treatment of Mexico by the United States. In fact, the practice of slavery in the United States is the single most hypocritical aspect of the government as far as Thoreau is concerned.
Thoreau considers civil disobedience a moral and social duty of American citizens.
He defines civil disobedience as an act of willful resistance, achieved by not obeying laws he considers to be hypocritical.
One act of civil disobedience may be not paying taxes. Another act, and one he deems more important still, is to avoid colluding with the government by refusing to play an active role in it. It is important to point out, though, that civil disobedience is, as its name suggests, peaceful.
It does not involve taking up arms or using any other methods of violence to achieve its ends.
One of the movements that was marked by its insistence on civil disobedience is the civil rights movement of the s. The man who was considered the leader of this movement, Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr.Background. Prompted by his opposition to slavery and the Mexican War (–), Henry David Thoreau (–) wrote “Civil Disobedience” in , but its central question — how should individuals respond to a government that pursues policies they believe to be immoral — still challenges us today.
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Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is an essay by American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau that was first published in In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice.
The fate of the country does not depend on how you vote at the polls — the worst man is as strong as the best at that game; it does not depend on what kind of paper you drop into the ballot-box once a year, but on what kind of man you drop from your chamber into the street every morning.
Letter to. If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.
If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.